Origin

Myanmar under the Myanmar Kings had a solid foundation of legal framework and judicial administration. Myanmar Law was then composed of three elements: Yazathat, Dhammathat and Phyathton. Yazathats; which were the King’s Royal Edicts and Ordinances. These are composed of King’s commands and Criminal Laws for prevalence of law and order, security and peace, including mainly  for high treason, murder, dacoity, robbery ,theft etc.

Dhammathat: were collections of Corpus Jurist of Myanmar customary traditions, conventions and ratio decidendi of eminent judges and learned personnel in their decisions or writings, collected and consolidated versions of Myanmar Customary Law throughout the ages. Indeed, Dhammathats are composed of Legal Rules and Principles for Civil matters and Civil Law; they relate mainly to marriage, divorce, partition, succession, inheritance, adoption etc. Those Legal Rules and Principles are based on egalitarian rights relating to equality under law; and are still being applied by the present day courts of the Union of Myanmar. Pyatton: were the Judicial decisions passed by Courts, Benches and   the King’s Hluttaw;  like  the  present  day  Law  Reports

(Rulings) of the Supreme Court.

In those days, criminal and civil jurisdictions were distinct. Prevention and punishment of acts causing gross disturbances of the peace, to the detriment of public security were considered part of the administrative functions of Government. Hence, criminal justice was dispensed by administrative officials of the State. Civil justice, on the  other  hand,  was  administered  by  judges  

appointed  by  or under the King and by arbitrators chosen by parties. Naturally appeals lay in the last resort to the King, but from the decision of an arbitrator there was no appeal.

News

Nay Pyi Taw, 16 November 2016

   Chief Justice of the Union U Htun Htun Oo received H.E. Mr. Hong Liang, The Embassy of the People's Republic of China in Yangon at 11:00 in the Meeting Hall of the Supreme Court of the Union.

Read More

Nay Pyi Taw, 20 October 2016
  Chief Justice of the Union U Htun Htun Oo received Mr. Mark Silva, Senior Rule of Law and Governance Advisor, the Office of Democracy and Governance, USAID, U.S.Embassy in Yangon at 09:30 in the Meeting Hall of the

Read More

Nay Pyi Taw, 19 October 2016

 Chief Justice of the Union U Htun Htun Oo received Ms. Irene Khan, Director General, and International Development Law Organization-IDLO and her delegation at 09:30 in the Meeting Hall of the Supreme Court of the

Read More

Nay Pyi Taw

17th October 2016

   The Workshop on Court Excellence and Court Dispute Resolution co-organized by the Supreme Court of the Union, the Singapore Ministry of Law and the Singapore Judicial

Read More

Nay Pyi Taw, 26th September 2016

  Discussion on "Formulating an M & E Plan" was held at the Supreme Court of the Union from 26 to 27 September 2016 in collaboration with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). At the opening

Read More

Pages