Origin

Myanmar under the Myanmar Kings had a solid foundation of legal framework and judicial administration. Myanmar Law was then composed of three elements: Yazathat, Dhammathat and Phyathton. Yazathats; which were the King’s Royal Edicts and Ordinances. These are composed of King’s commands and Criminal Laws for prevalence of law and order, security and peace, including mainly  for high treason, murder, dacoity, robbery ,theft etc.

Dhammathat: were collections of Corpus Jurist of Myanmar customary traditions, conventions and ratio decidendi of eminent judges and learned personnel in their decisions or writings, collected and consolidated versions of Myanmar Customary Law throughout the ages. Indeed, Dhammathats are composed of Legal Rules and Principles for Civil matters and Civil Law; they relate mainly to marriage, divorce, partition, succession, inheritance, adoption etc. Those Legal Rules and Principles are based on egalitarian rights relating to equality under law; and are still being applied by the present day courts of the Union of Myanmar. Pyatton: were the Judicial decisions passed by Courts, Benches and   the King’s Hluttaw;  like  the  present  day  Law  Reports

(Rulings) of the Supreme Court.

In those days, criminal and civil jurisdictions were distinct. Prevention and punishment of acts causing gross disturbances of the peace, to the detriment of public security were considered part of the administrative functions of Government. Hence, criminal justice was dispensed by administrative officials of the State. Civil justice, on the  other  hand,  was  administered  by  judges  

appointed  by  or under the King and by arbitrators chosen by parties. Naturally appeals lay in the last resort to the King, but from the decision of an arbitrator there was no appeal.

News

August 22, 2016 (Monday)

  The Honourable Htun Htun Oo, Chief Justice of the Union, received Lord Neuberger, the President of the UK Supreme Court, at the Supreme Court of the Union at 2 PM this afternoon.

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June 29, 2016 (Wednesday)

   The Honourable Htun Htun Oo, Chief Justice of the Union, received a courtesy call from H.E. Mr. Scot Marciel, the United States Ambassador to the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and delegation, at the Guest

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Nay Pyi Taw, June 16

    The Ceremony for the Signing of the Memorandum of Understanding on Judicial Cooperation between the Supreme Court of the Union and the Federal Court of Australia was held in Kempinski Hotel, Nay Pyi

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Nay Pyi Taw, 10 June 2016

The Supreme Court of the Union today issues a publication of the Myanmar Judiciary (2011-2015) with Report on Implementation of Year One Strategic Action Plan.

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Nay Pyi Taw, 6 June 2016
   Chief Justice of the Union U Htun Htun Oo received Ms. Indranee Rajah, S.C, Senior Minister of State for Law, the Republic of Singapore and her delegation at 14း30 in the Meeting Hall of the Supreme Court of the

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