Other courts can be established either under special provisions in any law or in respect of those cases which occur irregularly in populous areas. Other courts specially constituted by the Supreme Court of the Union to achieve speedy and effective trial under some special laws include juvenile courts, courts to try municipal offences and courts to try traffic offences.
The State Law and Order Restoration Council enacted the Child Law of 1993. The Child Law, 1993 was adopted to implement the rights of the child envisaged in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. In the administration of justice in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, a juvenile offender is usually tried by a competent court irrespective of the severity of the offence. In ordinary circumstances the legislature intended the juvenile offender to be punished as leniently as possible so that he or she may be able to enter the mainstream of life with a clear conscience, confident, efficient and with high moral. To achieve that spirit, juvenile offenders cannot be sentenced to death or transportation for life, or whipping.
In accord with the Child Law, juvenile judges and township judges are conferred with powers to try juvenile offences. A separate juvenile court (Yangon) has been constituted to try juvenile cases occurring at 20 townships in Yangon City Development Area. A separate juvenile court (Mandalay) has been constituted to try juvenile cases occurring at 5 townships in Mandalay City Development Area. Apart from that, juvenile court have been established separately in every township within the court house.
Courts to try Municipal Offences
Separate courts have been opened in Yangon after consultation with the Yangon City Development Committee to try municipal offences. Such offences include; violating provisions of the City of Yangon Municipal Act, rules, by-laws, orders and directives still in force and those under the Yangon City Development Law enacted by the State Law and Order Restoration Council. Separate courts have also been established in Mandalay after consultation with the Mandalay City Development Committee, to try municipal offences. Furthermore, a separate court has also been established to try the municipal offences which occur within the Nay Pyi Taw Council area.
Courts to try Traffic Offences
In order to try offenders violating vehicle rules and road discipline, a separate court in Nay Pyi Taw Council area, separate courts in Yangon City Development Area and separate courts in Mandalay City Development Area, exclusively for that purpose have been constituted in consultation with the Traffic Rules Enforcement Supervision Committee.