Origin

Myanmar under the Myanmar Kings had a solid foundation of legal framework and judicial administration. Myanmar Law was then composed of three elements: Yazathat, Dhammathat and Phyathton. Yazathats; which were the King’s Royal Edicts and Ordinances. These are composed of King’s commands and Criminal Laws for prevalence of law and order, security and peace, including mainly  for high treason, murder, dacoity, robbery ,theft etc.

Dhammathat: were collections of Corpus Jurist of Myanmar customary traditions, conventions and ratio decidendi of eminent judges and learned personnel in their decisions or writings, collected and consolidated versions of Myanmar Customary Law throughout the ages. Indeed, Dhammathats are composed of Legal Rules and Principles for Civil matters and Civil Law; they relate mainly to marriage, divorce, partition, succession, inheritance, adoption etc. Those Legal Rules and Principles are based on egalitarian rights relating to equality under law; and are still being applied by the present day courts of the Union of Myanmar. Pyatton: were the Judicial decisions passed by Courts, Benches and   the King’s Hluttaw;  like  the  present  day  Law  Reports

(Rulings) of the Supreme Court.

In those days, criminal and civil jurisdictions were distinct. Prevention and punishment of acts causing gross disturbances of the peace, to the detriment of public security were considered part of the administrative functions of Government. Hence, criminal justice was dispensed by administrative officials of the State. Civil justice, on the  other  hand,  was  administered  by  judges  

appointed  by  or under the King and by arbitrators chosen by parties. Naturally appeals lay in the last resort to the King, but from the decision of an arbitrator there was no appeal.

News

Nay Pyi Taw, January 27

The opening ceremony of Training of Trainers on Court Surveys for National Case Management Program is held by the Supreme Court of the Union at Kempinski Hotel, Nay Pyi Taw at 9 am on January 27 in

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Nay Pyi Taw, January 26

Workshop on Evaluation of CMP Courts (The Courts of National Case Management Program) is held by the Supreme Court of the Union at Kempinski Hotel, Nay Pyi Taw at 9 am on January 26 in collaboration with the

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Nay Pyi Taw, January 25

The meeting of The Union Supreme Court Case Management Committee and the Courts of National Case Management Program is held at the meeting room of the Union Judicial Supervision Office, the Union Supreme Court, Nay Pyi Taw at 9 am on 25 January

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Nay Pyi Taw, 25 January

Chief Justice of the Union the Hon. U Htun Htun Oo received the Hon. Chief Justice Cheep Jullamon, President of the Supreme Court of the Kingdom of Thailand at 09:30 a.m. in the Meeting Hall of the Supreme Court of the Union

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Naypyitaw, October 29

 UNION Chief Justice U Htun Htun Oo attended and ad-dressed the opening ceremony of the Asia-Pacific Judicial Conference on Environmental and Climate Change Adjudication held at the Hilton Hotel, in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday

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