Origin

Myanmar under the Myanmar Kings had a solid foundation of legal framework and judicial administration. Myanmar Law was then composed of three elements: Yazathat, Dhammathat and Phyathton. Yazathats; which were the King’s Royal Edicts and Ordinances. These are composed of King’s commands and Criminal Laws for prevalence of law and order, security and peace, including mainly  for high treason, murder, dacoity, robbery ,theft etc.

Dhammathat: were collections of Corpus Jurist of Myanmar customary traditions, conventions and ratio decidendi of eminent judges and learned personnel in their decisions or writings, collected and consolidated versions of Myanmar Customary Law throughout the ages. Indeed, Dhammathats are composed of Legal Rules and Principles for Civil matters and Civil Law; they relate mainly to marriage, divorce, partition, succession, inheritance, adoption etc. Those Legal Rules and Principles are based on egalitarian rights relating to equality under law; and are still being applied by the present day courts of the Union of Myanmar. Pyatton: were the Judicial decisions passed by Courts, Benches and   the King’s Hluttaw;  like  the  present  day  Law  Reports

(Rulings) of the Supreme Court.

In those days, criminal and civil jurisdictions were distinct. Prevention and punishment of acts causing gross disturbances of the peace, to the detriment of public security were considered part of the administrative functions of Government. Hence, criminal justice was dispensed by administrative officials of the State. Civil justice, on the  other  hand,  was  administered  by  judges  

appointed  by  or under the King and by arbitrators chosen by parties. Naturally appeals lay in the last resort to the King, but from the decision of an arbitrator there was no appeal.

News

Nay Pyi Taw, 17 March 2016

Chief Justice of the Union U Htun Htun Oo received Rt. Hon Lord Patrick Hodge, Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom and his delegation at 9:30 in the Meeting Hall of the Supreme Court of the Union.

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Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar, January 8, 2016

      The Supreme Court of the Union has publicized the Year 2 Action Plan (2016) of the Judiciary Strategic Plan (2015-2017) with a slogan "Advancing Justice Together".

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Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar, October 8, 2015

The Supreme Court of the Union has issued the Handbook for Media Access to the Courts in order to enhance the communication with the media and the public at different levels of the court through

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Yangon; July 20

     Inauguration ceremonies for the new court buildings of Eastern and Western Districts of Yangon Region were held in front of those new buildings this morning. The opening ceremonies were

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Nay Pyi Taw, 1st June 2015

Workshop on Level 1 Legal English Proficiency Course for Judges was held by the Supreme Court of the Union at Royal ACE Hotel, Nay Pyi Taw from 1 to 5 June 2015 in collaboration

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