Origin

Myanmar under the Myanmar Kings had a solid foundation of legal framework and judicial administration. Myanmar Law was then composed of three elements: Yazathat, Dhammathat and Phyathton. Yazathats; which were the King’s Royal Edicts and Ordinances. These are composed of King’s commands and Criminal Laws for prevalence of law and order, security and peace, including mainly  for high treason, murder, dacoity, robbery ,theft etc.

Dhammathat: were collections of Corpus Jurist of Myanmar customary traditions, conventions and ratio decidendi of eminent judges and learned personnel in their decisions or writings, collected and consolidated versions of Myanmar Customary Law throughout the ages. Indeed, Dhammathats are composed of Legal Rules and Principles for Civil matters and Civil Law; they relate mainly to marriage, divorce, partition, succession, inheritance, adoption etc. Those Legal Rules and Principles are based on egalitarian rights relating to equality under law; and are still being applied by the present day courts of the Union of Myanmar. Pyatton: were the Judicial decisions passed by Courts, Benches and   the King’s Hluttaw;  like  the  present  day  Law  Reports

(Rulings) of the Supreme Court.

In those days, criminal and civil jurisdictions were distinct. Prevention and punishment of acts causing gross disturbances of the peace, to the detriment of public security were considered part of the administrative functions of Government. Hence, criminal justice was dispensed by administrative officials of the State. Civil justice, on the  other  hand,  was  administered  by  judges  

appointed  by  or under the King and by arbitrators chosen by parties. Naturally appeals lay in the last resort to the King, but from the decision of an arbitrator there was no appeal.

News

Nay Pyi Taw, 20-23 June 2017

Training for Master Trainers-TOT and Training on Child Protection and Child Sensitive Judicial Procedures for Judges are held by the Office of the Union Supreme Court at Amara Hotel, Nay Pyi Taw from 20 to 23 June 2017  in

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Nay Pyi Taw, June 13

UNION CHIEF JUSTICE U Htun Htun Oo attended the 2nd China-ASEAN Justice Forum held in Nanning, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China on 7 and 8 June 2017.

Present at

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Nay Pyi Taw, 17 May 2017

Chief Justice of the Union U Htun Htun Oo received H.E. Scot Marciel, Ambassador, the Embassy of the United States of America at 09:30 in the Meeting Hall of the Supreme Court of the Union.

In the meeting, they cordially discussed further

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Nay Pyi Taw, 5 May 2017

The Hon. Htun Htun Oo, Chief Justice of the Union received H.E. KAMIKAWA Yoko, Member of the House of the Representatives (Lower House) and Former Justice Minister at 09:30 in the Meeting Hall of the Supreme Court of the Union.

         

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Nay Pyi Taw, 11 April 2017

  Chief Justice of the Union U Htun Htun Oo received H.E. Dr.Nikolay A. Listopadov, Ambassador of the Russia at 09:30 in the Meeting Hall of the Supreme Court of the Union.

         

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