Origin

Myanmar under the Myanmar Kings had a solid foundation of legal framework and judicial administration. Myanmar Law was then composed of three elements: Yazathat, Dhammathat and Phyathton. Yazathats; which were the King’s Royal Edicts and Ordinances. These are composed of King’s commands and Criminal Laws for prevalence of law and order, security and peace, including mainly  for high treason, murder, dacoity, robbery ,theft etc.

Dhammathat: were collections of Corpus Jurist of Myanmar customary traditions, conventions and ratio decidendi of eminent judges and learned personnel in their decisions or writings, collected and consolidated versions of Myanmar Customary Law throughout the ages. Indeed, Dhammathats are composed of Legal Rules and Principles for Civil matters and Civil Law; they relate mainly to marriage, divorce, partition, succession, inheritance, adoption etc. Those Legal Rules and Principles are based on egalitarian rights relating to equality under law; and are still being applied by the present day courts of the Union of Myanmar. Pyatton: were the Judicial decisions passed by Courts, Benches and   the King’s Hluttaw;  like  the  present  day  Law  Reports

(Rulings) of the Supreme Court.

In those days, criminal and civil jurisdictions were distinct. Prevention and punishment of acts causing gross disturbances of the peace, to the detriment of public security were considered part of the administrative functions of Government. Hence, criminal justice was dispensed by administrative officials of the State. Civil justice, on the  other  hand,  was  administered  by  judges  

appointed  by  or under the King and by arbitrators chosen by parties. Naturally appeals lay in the last resort to the King, but from the decision of an arbitrator there was no appeal.

News

Nay Pyi Taw, September 12

The Chief Justice of the Union , U Htun Htun Oo received a courtesy call from Dr. Christophe Bernasconi, the Secretary General of the Hague  Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) and his team at the Guest Hall

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Nay Pyi Taw    July  10

 The Signing Ceremony of the Minutes of Meeting of the 6th Joint Coordinating Meeting on the Project for Capacity Development of Legal, Judicial and Relevant Sectors in

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Nay Pyi Taw 16 th May

The opening ceremony of 2nd Workshop on Training for Mediations, organized by the Supreme Court of the Union in collaboration with Japan International Cooperational Agency (JICA), was held today at 9:30

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Naypyitaw April 11

The Supreme Court of the Union today issues the legal and judicial reforms to improve Investment and Doing Business in Myanmar.

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Naypyitaw  April 9

Court Annual Report 2018 (both English and Myanmar versions) was published by the Supreme Court of the Union of Myanmar on 5 April 2019.

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