Origin

Myanmar under the Myanmar Kings had a solid foundation of legal framework and judicial administration. Myanmar Law was then composed of three elements: Yazathat, Dhammathat and Phyathton. Yazathats; which were the King’s Royal Edicts and Ordinances. These are composed of King’s commands and Criminal Laws for prevalence of law and order, security and peace, including mainly  for high treason, murder, dacoity, robbery ,theft etc.

Dhammathat: were collections of Corpus Jurist of Myanmar customary traditions, conventions and ratio decidendi of eminent judges and learned personnel in their decisions or writings, collected and consolidated versions of Myanmar Customary Law throughout the ages. Indeed, Dhammathats are composed of Legal Rules and Principles for Civil matters and Civil Law; they relate mainly to marriage, divorce, partition, succession, inheritance, adoption etc. Those Legal Rules and Principles are based on egalitarian rights relating to equality under law; and are still being applied by the present day courts of the Union of Myanmar. Pyatton: were the Judicial decisions passed by Courts, Benches and   the King’s Hluttaw;  like  the  present  day  Law  Reports

(Rulings) of the Supreme Court.

In those days, criminal and civil jurisdictions were distinct. Prevention and punishment of acts causing gross disturbances of the peace, to the detriment of public security were considered part of the administrative functions of Government. Hence, criminal justice was dispensed by administrative officials of the State. Civil justice, on the  other  hand,  was  administered  by  judges  

appointed  by  or under the King and by arbitrators chosen by parties. Naturally appeals lay in the last resort to the King, but from the decision of an arbitrator there was no appeal.

News

Nay Pyi Taw, 19th October

Workshop on Intellectual Property co-organized by the Office of the Union Supreme Court and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) was held at the Park Royal Hotel today.

         

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Nay Pyi Taw, 18th October 2017

Research Workshop jointly organized by ICJ-DIHR Joint Venture and the Office of the Union Supreme Court under Denmark-Myanmar Programme on Rule of Law and Human Rights is held at Myat Taw Win Hotel, Naypyitaw

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Nay Pyi Taw, 17th October 2017

Handover Ceremony of Computer Sets to the Supreme Court of the Union By ICJ-DIHR Joint Venture and Strategic Planning Meeting between ICJ and USC Planning Team is held at the Office of the Union Supreme Court this morning.

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Nay Pyi Taw, September 25

 UNION CHIEF JUSTICE U Htun Htun Oo attended the 17th Conference of Chief Justice of Asia and the Pacific which was held in Tokyo, Japan from 19 to 21 September 2017.

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Nay Pyi Taw, 26th August 2017

 Judicial Colloquium on Commercial and Corporate Law was held by the Supreme Court of the Union at Kempinski Hotel, Nay Pyi Taw from 26 to 28 August 2017 in collaboration with Asia Development

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