Origin

Myanmar under the Myanmar Kings had a solid foundation of legal framework and judicial administration. Myanmar Law was then composed of three elements: Yazathat, Dhammathat and Phyathton. Yazathats; which were the King’s Royal Edicts and Ordinances. These are composed of King’s commands and Criminal Laws for prevalence of law and order, security and peace, including mainly  for high treason, murder, dacoity, robbery ,theft etc.

Dhammathat: were collections of Corpus Jurist of Myanmar customary traditions, conventions and ratio decidendi of eminent judges and learned personnel in their decisions or writings, collected and consolidated versions of Myanmar Customary Law throughout the ages. Indeed, Dhammathats are composed of Legal Rules and Principles for Civil matters and Civil Law; they relate mainly to marriage, divorce, partition, succession, inheritance, adoption etc. Those Legal Rules and Principles are based on egalitarian rights relating to equality under law; and are still being applied by the present day courts of the Union of Myanmar. Pyatton: were the Judicial decisions passed by Courts, Benches and   the King’s Hluttaw;  like  the  present  day  Law  Reports

(Rulings) of the Supreme Court.

In those days, criminal and civil jurisdictions were distinct. Prevention and punishment of acts causing gross disturbances of the peace, to the detriment of public security were considered part of the administrative functions of Government. Hence, criminal justice was dispensed by administrative officials of the State. Civil justice, on the  other  hand,  was  administered  by  judges  

appointed  by  or under the King and by arbitrators chosen by parties. Naturally appeals lay in the last resort to the King, but from the decision of an arbitrator there was no appeal.

News

Nay Pyi Taw, May 22

Chief Justice of the Union U Htun Htun Oo received Ms. Irum Ahsan, Senior Counsel, Asian Development Bank (ADB) Consultation Mission at 09:30 in the Meeting Hall of the Supreme Court of the Union.

In the

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Nay Pyi Taw, May 22

Justices of the Supreme Court of the Union U Aung Zaw Thein and U Soe Naing received Ms. Irum Ahsan, Senior Counsel, Asian Development Bank(ADB) Consultation Mission at 10:30 in the Meeting Hall(down floor) of the Supreme Court of

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Nay Pyi Taw, March 8

Workshop on Court-Led Mediation in Civil Cases co-organized by the Office of the Union Supreme Court and Japan International Cooperation Agency(JICA) was held at Park Royal Hotel today.

During the workshop, Court-Led Mediation Systems of other

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Nay Pyi Taw February 22

Workshop on Intellectual Property co-organized by the Office of the Union Supreme Court and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) was held at the Park Royal Hotel today.

During the Workshop,

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Nay Pyi Taw, January 30, 2018

      The Supreme Court of the Union has publicized THE JUDICIAL STRATEGIC PLAN (2018-2022) -"TOWARDS IMPROVING JUSTICE FOR ALL "

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