Origin

Myanmar under the Myanmar Kings had a solid foundation of legal framework and judicial administration. Myanmar Law was then composed of three elements: Yazathat, Dhammathat and Phyathton. Yazathats; which were the King’s Royal Edicts and Ordinances. These are composed of King’s commands and Criminal Laws for prevalence of law and order, security and peace, including mainly  for high treason, murder, dacoity, robbery ,theft etc.

Dhammathat: were collections of Corpus Jurist of Myanmar customary traditions, conventions and ratio decidendi of eminent judges and learned personnel in their decisions or writings, collected and consolidated versions of Myanmar Customary Law throughout the ages. Indeed, Dhammathats are composed of Legal Rules and Principles for Civil matters and Civil Law; they relate mainly to marriage, divorce, partition, succession, inheritance, adoption etc. Those Legal Rules and Principles are based on egalitarian rights relating to equality under law; and are still being applied by the present day courts of the Union of Myanmar. Pyatton: were the Judicial decisions passed by Courts, Benches and   the King’s Hluttaw;  like  the  present  day  Law  Reports

(Rulings) of the Supreme Court.

In those days, criminal and civil jurisdictions were distinct. Prevention and punishment of acts causing gross disturbances of the peace, to the detriment of public security were considered part of the administrative functions of Government. Hence, criminal justice was dispensed by administrative officials of the State. Civil justice, on the  other  hand,  was  administered  by  judges  

appointed  by  or under the King and by arbitrators chosen by parties. Naturally appeals lay in the last resort to the King, but from the decision of an arbitrator there was no appeal.

News

Nay Pyi Taw, 11 April 2017

  Chief Justice of the Union U Htun Htun Oo received H.E. Dr.Nikolay A. Listopadov, Ambassador of the Russia at 09:30 in the Meeting Hall of the Supreme Court of the Union.

         

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Nay Pyi Taw, 4 April 2017

  Signing Ceremony of Minutes of Meeting of Joint Coordinating Committee between the Office of the Union Supreme Court and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) was held at the Assembly Hall of the

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Nay Pyi Taw, 28 March 2017

UNION CHIEF JUSTICE U Htun Htun Oo attended the fifth Council of ASEAN Chief Justices’ (CACJ) Meeting held in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam on 24 March 2017.

         

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Nay Pyi Taw, 10 February 2017

   Chief Justice of the Union the Hon. Htun Htun Oo received the Hon. Judge Allyson K. Duncan, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit at 09:30 in the Meeting Hall of the Supreme Court of the Union.

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Nay Pyi Taw, 6th February 2017
 

Workshop on Intellectual Property co-organized by the Office of the Union Supreme Court and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) was held at the Park Royal Hotel today.

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