The district courts are established under the 2008 Constitution.
In every district court, a district judge is appointed by the Supreme Court of the Union. Deputy district judges may also be appointed by the Supreme Court of the Union depending on the volume of work. Those judges are conferred with judicial powers by the Supreme Court of the Union in accordance with the provisions of the Criminal Procedure Code and Civil Procedure Code.
The district judges are conferred with original criminal jurisdictional powers, criminal appellate and revisional jurisdictional powers according to the Criminal Procedure Code. They are also invested with original civil jurisdictional powers, civil appellate and revisional jurisdictional powers according to the Civil Procedure Code. As courts of original jurisdiction they hear and determine serious criminal cases and civil cases in which the amount in dispute or value of the subject matter does not exceed 500,000,000 kyats.